Identify Depression and Treat it for Depression
Table of Contents
Identify Depression and Treat it for Depression: Who gets depression? Depression is a very common disease. Depression can affect anyone – male or female, child or elderly, educated or uneducated, poor or needy. Depression usually starts between the ages of 30 and 40. Every hundred and twenty women and every hundred men get depression sometimes during their lifetime. According to the World Health Organization, depression will be the second leading cause of illness in the world by 2020.
Symptoms of depression: – The patient of depression is constantly feeling sad. He doesn’t seem to mind anything. Symptoms include depression, helplessness, and anger. If you have any of the following four or more symptoms, it is advisable to seek treatment from a psychiatrist.
Identify Depression and Treat it for Depression
Sleep disturbances, late sleep, occasional eye openings, sleep deprivation two to three hours earlier than usual, refreshing, deep sleep, or excessive sleep.
- Loss of appetite, weight loss.
- To be depressed, not to indulge in activities of interest,
- Feeling weak, tired soon.
- I’m of no use. Such an adenoma.
- Constant frustration.
- I have done nothing wrong, I have committed a great sin, the wrong feeling of being guilty
- Lack of concentration, difficulty in making decisions.
- Speak-walk-think become dull or become fast, gossip
- Constant thoughts of death, thoughts of suicide or attempt.
- Other Symptoms 12% of patients with depressive disorder have strong beliefs that cannot be dispelled by arguments, despite giving false evidence. E.g. My brain is rotten. My heart is pounding, I have committed unforgivable sins, I am of no use, I have become a beggar wandering in a poor way, etc.
Physical symptoms: such as pain in different parts of the body – head, body, chest, back pain, weakness – weakness, etc., patients go to the doctor for depression. The medical examination does not reveal any physical cause for these symptoms. In our country, especially all patients with depression go to the doctor with the same physical symptoms. If a proper diagnosis is not made, the patient has to undergo various tests. Many ineffective drugs are given, a lot of costs are incurred but the problems do not go away.
The above-mentioned physical and mental symptoms persist for about twenty-four hours in depressed patients. Sadness cannot be removed from any good occasion or good news. Some patients are reluctant to go to the doctor for treatment as they feel a burden on their families.
The biggest risk of depression is suicide. Depression accounts for more than 90% of all suicidal deaths. The first ten most important causes of death include suicide. Suicide is the third leading cause of death between the ages of fifteen and twenty-four. 17% of depressed patients die from suicide.
Contrary to popular belief, most suicide attempts and suicide attempts are committed by friends, doctors, or family members. If someone talks about suicide, it should be taken seriously and diagnosed and treated by a psychiatrist as soon as possible, so that the risk of suicide can be avoided. The higher the risk of suicide, the higher the risk of depression in two stages: helplessness, depression, etc., when the patient is recovering from depression during treatment.
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Types of depression
Depression can be diagnosed if the symptoms persist for more than two weeks in a row. The more serious the depression, the greater the impact on daily life. As the severity of the disease increases, it becomes impossible to enjoy even the activities you like. Only with successful treatment can most patients recover completely.
Many patients have only one attack of depression and never experience depression again. But most patients have frequent seizures. The disease becomes chronic in fifteen to twenty percent of patients. These long-term patients may also have more severe depressive attacks.
About half of all patients recover from a second attack in five years. The period between two attacks is usually exactly the same person. They can handle work, social and economic responsibilities. No one even realizes that. That he had a disease before this. Fifteen to twenty percent of patients develop depression, which lasts for more than two years.
The onset of guilty feelings about having the affair, in the first place, further zaps whatever energy the partner having the affair might still have left. Such abrupt changes in mood are due to chemical changes in the neurons of the brain. About 90% of these patients can be completely cured with treatment and the symptoms of most patients can be controlled.
Depression in women
Depression is more common in women than in men. Physical as well as social factors may be responsible for this. The dual responsibilities of home and business, not having a husband, the responsibility of caring for children or elderly parents can be stressful. Endocrine changes during the life cycle – Changes during menstruation, miscarriage, postpartum, and around menopause increase a woman’s risk of depression.
It is common for many women to experience fatigue, restlessness, boredom, nausea, irritability, insomnia and crying in the immediate days after delivery. Treatment of depression only becomes necessary if multiple symptoms of depression last for more than fifteen days at a time. About 15-20% of women develop depression within a month of childbirth. In addition to treatment, help, and guidance from the family in caring for the newborn is important.
Depression in men
Men also get depressed but they can’t accept it. Abroad, four times more men die of suicide than women. Instead of despair or helplessness, men are more likely to be irritated or angry. They also consume excessive amounts of alcohol or other drugs or are constantly on the move. Depression is a real disease that needs treatment.
Depression in old age
Most seniors are satisfied with their lives. Aging should not be considered as depression. Older people with depression typically complain of physical problems: sleep, hunger, pain, tingling, or poor memory. They don’t talk about sadness, not being happy, mourning for a long time after the death of a loved one, and so on. Depression can be accompanied by physical illness or depression. Aging can also be an effective treatment for depression.
Depression in children and adolescents
Depression can also occur in children and adolescents. The child refuses to go to school, makes various physical complaints, stays attached to the parents, worries that something will happen to the parents, stays behind in teaching or the parents do not obey the teachers. Psychiatry is especially effective in treating depression in children.
Why does depression occur?
Not one but various factors are responsible for depression. Depression is more common in some families.
Some changes are seen in the brains of depressed patients. The brain is made up of countless coils of millions of interconnected nerves. Proper functioning of biochemicals, known as neurotransmitters, is used to communicate between them. The deficiency of serotonin and norepinephrine in these chemicals can lead to depression. Some physical ailments, such as hypothyroidism or drugs used to treat other physical ailments, can cause depression.
Any change in life especially a negative incident e.g. Money, prestige, loss of a loved one, etc. are often associated with the onset of depression. Depression often occurs after childbirth. Depression is especially common among single-parent mothers who are struggling to cope with financial difficulties, raising young children, and raising a family.
Depression often begins after a stressful event. The sadness that results from a social situation is a common experience. E.g. If this happens after the death of a relative, will there be sadness? Are considered and are not treated. Many people in society face traumatic situations. But not everyone gets sick. Sometimes depression starts even if there is no stressful incident. Depression does not start with the wrath of mantra-tantra or gods and goddesses.
The doctor usually performs a thorough physical examination. Performs laboratory tests as needed. Checks for any physical ailments or medications for them that are responsible for depression. It asks the following questions.
- Since when is the problem? How did it start
- What is the effect of symptoms on life?
- Has this happened before?
- Was there any treatment for it?
- What was the treatment? How much did it benefit?
- Thoughts of suicide come?
- Alcohol or other drugs?
- Has any family member ever had such a problem?
- What treatment did he receive? How much did it benefit?
Depression is caused by physical, mental, and social factors. Therefore, medication, electric shock treatment, psychiatry, and the support of relatives are also important for treatment. With medication alone, up to 90% of patients with severe depression can recover in four to six weeks. Electric shock shakes benefit 5% of patients. Different types of psychiatry help more patients.
If a family member of a patient is depressed and has benefited from certain medications, the patient is more likely to benefit from the same medication.
Depending on the possible side effects of the medication, the physical ailment, and the medication given for it, the doctor will prescribe the safest and most effective medication for depression in a particular patient.
Medications are usually started with low doses. But the drug is increased until the effective dose of the drug is beneficial. Some of the symptoms of depression, such as sleep, appetite, etc., improve rapidly. Sadness is finally removed from Sai. It can take up to three to four weeks (in some cases two months) for the drugs to get the most benefit. It just so happens that there is a slight benefit from the medication now that it feels better. If it works without medicine or if there is no benefit, then there is no benefit from the medicine. Thinking this, the patient stops the medicine on his own. This is not right. It is important to take regular medication long enough for the full benefit of the medication. Often side effects of the drug appear before the drug can be used. .
Once effective, the effective medication should be continued in the same dose for at least one year
Comes here. If the drug is stopped earlier, the symptoms reappear. Usually, the drug is stopped by slowing down the dose, not completely. Medications should not be stopped manually without consulting a doctor. Medications have to be taken for life if there are frequent seizures or if the depression lasts for more than two years.
Depression medications are not the only sleep medications. Moreover, these drugs do not become addictive. The doctor will examine the benefits and side effects of the medication. If a person suffering from depression suffers from any physical ailment, the doctor should be informed about the antidepressant medication he/she is taking during the treatment. Anti-depressant medications are safe in themselves but can have the opposite effect if taken with other medications. Alcohol consumption is not advisable.
Anxiety medications are not antidepressants. But sometimes doctors also prescribe antidepressants, along with antidepressants, in the early stages of treatment for insomnia. Anxiety medications alone do not completely cure depression.
Drugs called lithium, Divalproex, and carbamazepine is effective for bipolar disorder. In addition to these drugs, antidepressants need to be given for depression in bipolar disorder.
Depression medications can have side effects just like physical illness medications. But these side effects are short-lived and mild. A doctor should be consulted immediately if the side effects of the medication affect daily life.
In psychiatry, the depressed patient meets with a trained psychiatrist, and the depression is eliminated through communication. Different types of psychotherapy can be effective. Psychiatry is usually done along with medications or electric shock shakes. Psychiatry alone is not effective in severe depression. Psychiatry alone can be effective in less severe depression. In psychiatry, the patient is given an understanding of the disease. It is hoped that successful treatment will be provided. The patient is trained to discern negative thoughts, challenge them and replace them with realistic ideas. The psychiatrist promotes the expression of emotion and establishes a warm supportive relationship.
Electric shake treatment
Electrical shake treatment is given in cases where there are constant suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, drugs are not safe or the drugs have not benefited. The patient is injected and made unconscious. Then a mild electric current is passed through his brain. So that comes in wi. Such a shock comes.
Such treatment is usually given two to three times a week. About 5 to 20 such treatments are given until the patient recovers or seems to be ineffective. This treatment is completely painless, safe, and effective. Sometimes he saves lives by eliminating suicidal thoughts. In some patients, the memory of recent events is weakened enough for a few weeks. But this is not permanent. Medications need to be continued for up to a year even after the electric shock has healed. About 20% to 5% of depressed patients benefit from electric shock treatment.
How can relatives help a depressed person?
Self-help can help a person with depression to be diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. Patients with depression are reluctant to go for treatment because of negative thoughts and disability that nothing good is going to happen. With the insistence and help of relatives, they can be ready for treatment. According to the doctor’s instructions, they should take the medicine exactly until the symptoms of depression go away (6 to 8 weeks). Once cured, the patient can take the medicine on his own. A person with depression needs support. It requires understanding, patience, love, and encouragement. It is important to talk to the person who is suffering from depression and listen carefully. Do not deny the feelings he expresses, but tell what the reality is and give hope. If he does not accept your invitation, insist again. Try to engage him in hobbies, sports, religious or cultural activities. But don’t push too hard in this matter. Excessive pressure can also make me feel like I have failed. The depressed patient needs change, needs your support. You pretend you are lazy. The mind becomes firm, what sadness comes? Don’t say etc. Most depression is cured by treatment. Remember to tell the depressed patient for sure that the treatment and help will get better over time.
What do you do if you have a depressive disorder? It seems. It is very important to know that these negative thoughts and feelings are a symptom of depression. These thoughts and feelings will gradually subside when the treatment has a good effect.
Identify Depression and Treat it for Depression